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Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18 (2011) Full Version


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Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18 (2011) Full Version


In American English. A specialized pronunciation dictionary. Gives pronunciations in British and American English, in IPA. A wide selection of proper names. Pronunciation in the language of origin for a selection of words and names from foreign languages. Pronunciation in the language of origin for a selection of words and names from foreign languages. A wide selection of proper names. Pronunciation in the language of origin for a selection of words and names from foreign languages. Gives pronunciations in the British and American dialects for a selection of words and names from foreign languages.


A limitation of the original 1954 U.S. dictionary that was only valid for native speakers, was the lack of specification of vernacular and regional accents of uneducated speakers, who were assumed to be in the local majority. The same accent was assumed to be standard throughout the country. Given the current respect for the origins of the new OED and its international scope, a more nuanced view of standard English is now being adhered to in its lexicographical approach. Although many varieties of English are now treated as varieties of a single language by being recognized in an OED entry with a phonemic description, there are occasions when the definition makes reference to a particular accent or variety. However, there is a tendency to present a bland smooth but unexciting vernacular CDP/RDP, potentially resulting in ambiguity about the degree of standardization of this variety.


The inclusion of the CDP/RDP tag is intended to indicate not only a standard that is spoken in some U.S. states but is also appropriate to be used in teaching all varieties of American English as the same language, even as the description of the lexicographical standards governing the entries being developed has been modified to reflect the fact that the use of dialectal terms and the application of the rhoticizer diacritic in particular is variable in its use throughout the U.S. 3d9ccd7d82